I am writing this blog keeping in mind the information that beginners would need in order to improve their story telling skills through the eye of a camera. The tips remain almost the same for all types and makes of digital cameras or DSLRs that offer you the video recording feature.
First, let us discuss the three types of lenses that you can use. Most companies like canon and Nikon offer three basic types of lenses, namely:
1. Long or Telephoto Lens
2. Normal Lens
3. Short or Wide Lens
I would not discuss special lenses like the fish eye lens at this point with any new bee and delve on it later in my next blog on advanced professional photography.
The second most vital thing would be to understand the best use of the three lenses mentioned above. Shots like close up, big close-up, etc are best taken with a telephoto lens that highlights every detail, technically speaking. On the emotional front, it has an effect of being very close to the subject or artist with regard to the viewer. Handling the focus with this lens, to keep the image sharp, for a close shot can be very tricky, so I suggest you use it only when the character is not in drastic motion. Since you are a beginner, try to capture your performer sitting or standing in one place while he/she faces the main light source instead of capturing them in movement. It would be important for you to know that using a long lens for a wide shot or establishing shot could make your actor or subject appear very bulgy.
On the other hand, using a wide angle lens for a close up is not recommended to any beginner. It is a great lens for a wide shot, which usually starts or ends the scene. A wide shot is also known as an establishing shot because it is considered vital to introduce your viewer with the geographical location of your scene right at the commencement to familiarize them with all that is to follow.
The focal length of a normal lens may be equated to the human eyes as it typically ranges from 35mm to 55mm and all shots through it look almost similar to what human eyes see with the god gifted bi-focal vision. These lenses are frequently used for eye-level shots during news for the anchor in the news studio.